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Lithuanian language ideals

Composition of the Corpus of the Lithuanian Broadcast Media

The selection of the broadcasts was determined by the research aims and relatively restricted access to the media archives. The selection criteria were the following:

The chronological principle. In the first instance we have distinguished three major development stages of the Lithuanian broadcast media: 1) the Soviet period (1960–1987), 2) the transitional period (1988–1992), and 3) the contemporary period (1993–2010). Because of the greatest variety of genres in contemporary media and because of the restricted access to the recordings of the earlier periods, the contemporary broadcasts make up the largest part of the Corpus.

The general characteristics of broadcast genres which affect language use. The media strand of the project focuses on the changes of broadcast language in terms of formal-informal style shifts. Therefore, the following aspects were important for the analysis: monologue vs. dialogue, spontaneous vs. non-spontaneous talk, professional vs. non-professional speakers. In order to collect the broadcasts which varied according the aspects listed above, it was decided to focus on the documentary genres of which public speaking is a major constituent. Thus, three types of broadcasts were included in the Corpus: talk shows; documentaries, feature stories and magazine programs; and news programs.

The access to the broadcasts. While collecting broadcasts for the Corpus, we have faced some difficulties related to the accessibility of the the broadcasts from the arlier periods. For example, the remaining recordings from the Soviet period mostly include the broadcasts and their fragments which used to be recorded onto the cine film (such as documentaries and feature stories), and there are almost no remaining recordings of the broadcasts which used to be aired live (e.g. the news broadcasts read by news readers or other broadcasts aired live from the studio). Even the broadcasts from the other periods were not always accessible for the inclusion in the Corpus. These conditions have inevitably restricted the composition of the Corpus. 

The table below shows the distribution of TV and radio broadcasts by duration (in hours), periods and genres.

Genres Soviet period
(1960–1987)
Transitional period
(1988–1992)
Contemporary period
(1993–2011)
In total
Talk shows
(TV/radio) 
6
(5/1)
5,5
(5,5/0)
18,5
(16/2,5)
30
Documentaries 
(TV/radio)
9
(7,5/1,5)
4,5
(4,5/0)
7
(7/0)
20,5
News broadcasts
(TV/radio)
6
(1/5)
2
(2/0)
4,5
(2,5/2)
12,5
In total 21
(13,5/7,5)
12
(12/0)
30
(25,5/4,5)
63

Read more about the findings of the media strand.